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New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers

The Orlow Firm has a history of standing up for justice, and our dedicated team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers is no exception. If you or a loved one has been the victim of police misconduct in NYC, it is crucial that you take immediate action to defend your rights and seek fair compensation. Police misconduct is not only a violation of the public trust but can also result in severe emotional and physical harm to innocent individuals. At The Orlow Firm, we’re committed to holding law enforcement accountable for their actions.

Key Takeaways:

  • Police misconduct can range from excessive use of force to illegal searches and false arrests.
  • Knowing your rights and the laws related to police misconduct can significantly impact your case.
  • The Orlow Firm has a dedicated team of NYC Police Misconduct Lawyers ready to help you maximize your case.
  • Contact The Orlow Firm at (646) 647-3398

How The Orlow Firm Help Me Maximize My Case

When dealing with incidents of police misconduct in New York City, the path to justice can be fraught with hurdles and complexities. At The Orlow Firm, our specialized team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers is committed to ensuring you overcome these challenges and maximize your case potential. Here’s how we do it.

  • Legal Expertise: Specialized knowledge in police misconduct laws to navigate the complexities unique to these cases.
  • Thorough Investigation: Comprehensive gathering of all pertinent evidence, such as police reports, eyewitness accounts, and surveillance footage, to build a robust case.
  • Expert Collaboration: Partnership with field experts like medical professionals and forensics experts to substantiate your claims and add credibility to your case.
  • Valuation of Damages: Accurate calculation of both immediate and long-term damages, including medical bills, lost wages, emotional trauma, and potential future costs.
  • Strategic Negotiation: Skilled negotiations with opposing counsel and insurance companies to secure the best possible settlement.
  • Court Representation: Willingness to take your case to court if a satisfactory settlement is not achievable, advocating for you every step of the way.
  • Contingency-Based Fees: You pay us only if we win, aligning our interests directly with yours and reducing your financial risk.
  • Client-Centric Approach: Tailored strategies to suit the specific nuances of your case, ensuring that your needs and objectives are at the forefront.
  • Open Communication: Regular updates and full transparency throughout the legal process, empowering you to make informed decisions.

By leveraging these strengths and resources, The Orlow Firm aims to not only fight for justice on your behalf but also to maximize the compensation you receive for the misconduct you’ve suffered.

Types of Police Misconduct

In a society that counts on its law enforcement agencies for safety and order, instances of police misconduct are both shocking and deeply concerning. At The Orlow Firm, our team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers is committed to holding the responsible parties accountable for their actions. Below is an in-depth look at the types of police misconduct cases we handle.

Excessive Force: One of the most blatant forms of police misconduct is the use of excessive or unnecessary force. This includes actions like beating, shooting, or physically manhandling an individual beyond what is needed for arrest or control.

False Arrest and Wrongful Imprisonment: Law enforcement officers must have a legitimate reason, known as “probable cause,” to arrest someone. When an arrest is made without adequate grounds or proper procedure, it constitutes false arrest and wrongful imprisonment.

Racial Profiling: This occurs when a police officer targets an individual for scrutiny based solely on their race, ethnicity, or nationality, rather than any actual suspicious behavior. Racial profiling is not only unethical but also illegal.

Sexual Misconduct: Any form of non-consensual sexual conduct, including harassment or assault perpetrated by a police officer, falls under the category of sexual misconduct.

Coercion and Intimidation: This includes acts where law enforcement officials attempt to force individuals into providing information, confessions, or cooperation through intimidation, threats, or actual violence.

Falsification of Evidence: Tampering with or planting evidence in order to incriminate an innocent person is a serious form of misconduct that can have life-altering consequences for the victim.

Police Brutality: This term often serves as an umbrella for various forms of misconduct, including excessive force, torture, and other cruel, inhumane, or degrading treatment.

Taser Abuse: Improper use of Tasers or stun guns, especially when it leads to severe injury or death, is a growing concern and constitutes a form of police misconduct.

Failure to Provide Medical Care: When a person in custody is denied essential medical care, it is not only a breach of human rights but also a form of police misconduct.

Unlawful Searches and Seizures: Law enforcement officers must adhere to constitutional protections concerning searches and seizures. Violation of these rights, such as conducting a search without a warrant or probable cause, is a form of misconduct.

Violation of Constitutional Rights: Any action that infringes on an individual’s constitutional rights, such as the right to free speech, right to assembly, or right to a fair trial, can be grounds for a police misconduct case.

Common Injury Types

Physical Injuries: Physical injuries are among the most straightforward outcomes of police misconduct. These can range from bruises, cuts, and lacerations to more severe conditions like broken bones or internal injuries.

Psychological Trauma: Experiencing police misconduct can lead to various psychological problems, including post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), anxiety, and depression.

Emotional Distress: The psychological impact often leads to emotional distress, affecting not just the victim but also their families. This can manifest in the form of sleep disturbances, mood swings, and other emotional imbalances.

Head Injuries and Concussions: Instances of excessive force, particularly when weapons or objects are involved, can result in head injuries or concussions. These can have long-term implications, including cognitive difficulties.

Gunshot Wounds: In cases where police resort to firing their weapons without justifiable cause, victims can suffer from gunshot wounds, which are often life-threatening.

Taser Injuries: Improper use of Tasers can lead to severe muscle contractions, and in some extreme cases, cardiac arrest or death.

Dog Bite Injuries: Police dogs that are improperly controlled can cause significant dog bite injuries, leading to infections or nerve damage.

Spinal Cord Injuries: Excessive force or brutality can result in spinal cord injuries, leaving the victim with partial or complete paralysis.

Asphyxiation: Improper restraint techniques or chokeholds can lead to asphyxiation, resulting in brain damage or death.

Sexual Assault Injuries: Cases of police sexual misconduct can result in physical injuries related to sexual assault, along with significant psychological trauma.

False Imprisonment: While not a physical injury, being falsely imprisoned can result in a loss of freedom and reputation, leading to both emotional and psychological damages.

Wrongful Death: In the most severe cases, police misconduct can result in the wrongful death of the victim, leaving families to cope with devastating emotional and financial consequences.

At The Orlow Firm, our team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers understands the broad spectrum of injuries that can result from various forms of police misconduct. We are committed to ensuring you receive the appropriate compensation for the physical, emotional, and psychological injuries you’ve suffered.

Who’s Legally Liable?

When it comes to police misconduct, various parties can be held accountable:

Individual Police Officers: In many cases, the police officer involved in the misconduct is the first entity held legally liable. Individual officers can be held responsible for actions like excessive force, false arrest, or brutality.

Police Department: The department employing the officer may also be held liable, especially if it can be shown that the department had lax hiring practices, insufficient training programs, or failed to enforce policies aimed at preventing misconduct.

Municipalities and Local Government: Cities or towns may be liable if it is proven that a policy or custom within the local government led to the act of police misconduct. For example, if a police department has a known pattern of racial profiling that is ignored or condoned by local authorities, the municipality might be held liable.

State Government: In certain situations, the state government can also be held liable, particularly in cases involving state law enforcement agencies or state-run police departments.

Federal Agencies: If the misconduct involves federal law enforcement, such as the FBI or ICE, the federal government could be held liable for actions or policies leading to misconduct.

Supervisors and Higher-Ups: Police chiefs, supervisors, or other higher-ranking officials may be held liable if it is demonstrated that their negligence or improper oversight contributed to the misconduct.

Private Contractors: In some jurisdictions, certain aspects of law enforcement may be outsourced to private companies, such as prison management or data collection. These entities can also be held liable if their actions or negligence contribute to misconduct.

Civilian Aides: Non-police personnel like medical staff in jails or detention centers can be held liable if their actions or negligence result in harm, such as failing to provide necessary medical care to detainees.

Co-Conspirators: In cases involving more than one person, such as multiple officers participating in an act of brutality or a cover-up, each participant may share legal liability.

Determining who is legally liable in cases of police misconduct is complex and often requires a comprehensive legal strategy. At The Orlow Firm, our New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers have the expertise to identify all parties that could be held responsible, ensuring that you have the best chance at receiving the full compensation you deserve.

What Can You Be Compensated For?

Understanding the full scope of what you may be compensated for in a police misconduct case is crucial to achieving justice and ensuring you receive the financial support you need to move forward. Police misconduct cases can be extremely complex, involving various types of compensation that go beyond just medical expenses. At The Orlow Firm, our seasoned New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers are well-versed in all the avenues for compensation available to victims of police misconduct. Below, we outline the types of damages you may be eligible to claim.

Medical Expenses: One of the most immediate concerns after experiencing police misconduct is covering medical costs. This can range from emergency room visits to ongoing medical treatment for injuries sustained.

Pain and Suffering: Compensation for physical pain, emotional trauma, and psychological distress is often included. Calculating these damages is complex and may require expert testimony.

Lost Wages and Earning Capacity: If you’re unable to work due to injuries or legal issues stemming from the misconduct, you may be compensated for lost wages and possibly a reduction in future earning capacity.

Legal Fees and Court Costs: Given the complexity of police misconduct cases, legal fees can be significant. Successful claims often include compensation for these expenses.

Punitive Damages: In cases where the misconduct was particularly egregious, punitive damages may be awarded to deter future misconduct by the liable parties.

Wrongful Death Compensation: If police misconduct leads to the death of a victim, families may seek compensation for funeral expenses, loss of consortium, and emotional suffering.

Emotional Distress: Beyond the physical injuries, victims often suffer from severe emotional stress, for which compensation may be sought.

Loss of Consortium: Spouses or close family members may be compensated for the loss of companionship, affection, and sexual relations due to the victim’s injuries or death.

Damage to Reputation: False arrest or wrongful imprisonment can severely damage one’s reputation, affecting both personal and professional life. Compensation may be sought to mitigate this impact.

Property Damage: If your property is damaged as a result of police misconduct, you may be entitled to compensation for repair or replacement costs.

Relocation Expenses: In extreme cases, victims may need to relocate for their safety or emotional well-being. These costs can be included in compensation claims.

Out-of-Pocket Expenses: Any miscellaneous costs incurred as a direct result of the police misconduct, such as transportation to medical appointments, can also be included in the compensation claim.

Understanding what you can be compensated for is crucial to maximizing your claim’s potential. At The Orlow Firm, our New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers work tirelessly to ensure you are adequately compensated for every applicable category of damages. Our comprehensive approach to calculating damages means that no aspect of your suffering goes unnoticed or uncompensated.

Relevant Laws

Understanding the relevant laws is essential when pursuing a police misconduct case. While not an exhaustive list, some of the key laws and regulations in New York and at the federal level include:

Section 1983 of the U.S. Code: This federal law allows citizens to file lawsuits against government officials, including police officers, for the deprivation of constitutional rights. This is one of the most commonly cited laws in police misconduct cases and is relevant for matters such as excessive force, false arrest, and unlawful search and seizure.

The Fourth Amendment: This constitutional amendment protects individuals from unreasonable searches and seizures. Violations of this amendment, such as illegal search warrants or unlawful arrests, are often central to police misconduct cases.

The Fourteenth Amendment: This amendment guarantees equal protection under the law and is commonly cited in cases involving racial profiling or other discriminatory practices by law enforcement.

New York State Civil Rights Law: This set of laws outlines the civil rights of New York residents, including protection from police misconduct. These laws often overlap with federal laws but can provide additional avenues for relief.

New York Tort Claims: These are state laws that allow individuals to file claims against public entities, including the police department. Understanding the particularities of these laws, including filing deadlines and immunity clauses, is crucial.

Criminal Procedure Law in New York: This encompasses various statutes that outline the proper procedures police must follow when making an arrest, conducting searches, and other activities. Violations can result in the dismissal of criminal charges and may be used as evidence in a civil misconduct case.

Police Union Contracts: While not a “law,” the contracts between the police unions and the city can have implications on your case, including matters related to disciplinary action against officers and the availability of records.

Being well-versed in these and other laws is crucial for building a strong case. At The Orlow Firm, our New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers are experts in navigating the complex web of laws and regulations to hold the responsible parties accountable for their actions. Our thorough understanding of the legal landscape ensures that your case is built on solid legal ground, maximizing your chances for a successful outcome.

Statute of Limitations

Understanding the statute of limitations is crucial in any legal case, including those involving police misconduct. In New York, the statute of limitations for filing a claim against a city, including the police department, is generally shorter than other personal injury claims. You often have only 90 days from the date of the incident to file a Notice of Claim, followed by a one-year and 90-day period to file the lawsuit. Missing these deadlines can mean forfeiting your right to seek justice and compensation for your injuries.

However, there are exceptions and specific nuances that might extend or shorten these general timelines. For federal civil rights violations, you usually have up to three years to file a lawsuit. It’s also important to note that these time frames can vary depending on the specifics of your case, such as if the victim is a minor or if the misconduct resulted in death.

Given the complexities surrounding the statute of limitations in police misconduct cases, it’s imperative to consult with experienced legal counsel as soon as possible. At The Orlow Firm, our New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers can help you navigate these complexities to ensure you file your case within the prescribed time limits, preserving your right to seek compensation.

Police Misconduct Prevention Methods

prevention methods for individuals aim to minimize the risk of encountering police misconduct while also protecting one’s legal rights. Here are some ways individuals can take preventive action:

Know Your Rights: Educate yourself on your legal rights during police encounters. Knowing what officers can and cannot legally do can empower you to avoid situations that might escalate into misconduct.

Stay Calm and Composed: Emotional or aggressive behavior can escalate a situation. Remaining calm and following instructions can help minimize the risk of misconduct like excessive force.

Record the Interaction: If possible, safely record the encounter on your smartphone or ask a bystander to do so. Video evidence can be invaluable in cases of misconduct.

Have Witnesses: If possible, make sure other people are present during any interaction with law enforcement. Witnesses can provide additional perspectives that may prove crucial in establishing the facts of a case.

Request Badge Numbers and Names: Politely asking for the identification details of the officers involved can deter misconduct and will be helpful should you need to file a complaint later.

Avoid Sudden Movements: Making unexpected or rapid movements can escalate tension during police interactions. Clearly announce your actions and wait for acknowledgment before reaching for identification or complying with other requests.

Consult a Legal Advisor: If you frequently encounter situations where police misconduct is a concern, having a legal advisor you can call during such interactions can be extremely useful.

File Complaints for Minor Incidents: If you experience or witness smaller infractions, filing official complaints can help flag problematic behavior before it escalates into more serious misconduct.

Social Media Awareness: Posting or sharing educational content about preventing police misconduct can educate your network and potentially help others avoid such situations.

Community Meetings: Attend local community meetings to stay informed about your area’s law enforcement practices, and take the opportunity to voice any concerns you may have.

By understanding and applying these prevention methods, individuals can take proactive steps to minimize the risk of experiencing police misconduct. At The Orlow Firm, we believe that an educated public is a safer public. Our New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers are not only committed to achieving justice for victims but also to advocating for preventive measures that can safeguard individual rights.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What should I do if I am a victim of police misconduct?
    • If you are a victim of police misconduct in New York City, it’s crucial to seek immediate legal guidance from experienced attorneys like those at The Orlow Firm. We can help you navigate the complexities of your case, including gathering evidence, filing appropriate legal paperwork, and meeting crucial deadlines, to maximize your chances for a successful outcome. Contact us as soon as possible to protect your rights and initiate the process for seeking justice and compensation.

  2. How can The Orlow Firm help me?
    • The Orlow Firm brings years of experience in handling police misconduct cases in New York City, using a comprehensive approach that includes meticulous evidence gathering, expert consultations, and aggressive representation in court. Our specialized New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers will navigate the legal complexities for you, ensuring that all required documents are filed promptly to preserve your rights. We are committed to maximizing your compensation and holding the responsible parties accountable for their actions.

  3. Can I sue the police department?
    • Yes, you can sue the police department for misconduct, but doing so involves a complex legal process with strict deadlines, especially in New York City. The Orlow Firm’s New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers can guide you through these complexities, from filing a Notice of Claim within the tight timeframe to building a strong case for court. It’s crucial to act quickly and consult with experienced legal professionals to preserve your right to seek justice and compensation.

  4. What is the process for filing a claim?
    • The process for filing a police misconduct claim in New York City typically starts with filing a Notice of Claim within 90 days of the incident. After that, you have one year and 90 days to initiate the lawsuit. The Orlow Firm’s experienced New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers will handle these complex procedures for you, ensuring all documents are filed accurately and within the deadlines, thus preserving your rights and paving the way for a successful legal outcome.

  5. Will I need to go to court?
    • Whether or not you’ll need to go to court largely depends on the specific circumstances of your case and how willing the other party is to settle. The Orlow Firm’s New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers aim for favorable settlements to spare you the stress of a trial, but we are fully prepared to represent you in court if it becomes necessary to secure justice and proper compensation. Our team will guide you through every step, advising you on the best course of action tailored to your unique situation.


If you’re facing the traumatic aftermath of police misconduct in NYC, you don’t have to go through it alone. The Orlow Firm is committed to restoring justice and ensuring that your rights are protected. Contact our team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers today for a free consultation.

Why Choose The Orlow Firm?

Choosing the right legal representation is a critical decision when you’ve been a victim of police misconduct in New York City. The Orlow Firm sets itself apart as the go-to choice for those seeking justice in such cases, and here’s why. Our specialized team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers brings a unique blend of legal expertise and a client-focused approach that’s tailored to meet the unique complexities of police misconduct cases.

With years of experience under our belts, we’ve gained an in-depth understanding of the nuanced laws and regulations that pertain to police misconduct in NYC. Our team not only understands the legal landscape but is also adept at navigating the intricacies of the local court systems. This local expertise can be invaluable when advocating for your rights and seeking the compensation you deserve.

Transparency and open communication are hallmarks of our practice. From the moment you consult us, we work closely with you, providing regular updates, answering your questions, and demystifying the complex legal jargon. This ensures you’re not just a spectator but an active participant in your case.

We also offer a contingency-based fee structure, meaning we’re financially incentivized to win your case. You don’t pay unless we secure compensation for you. Our commitment to justice goes beyond just legal representation; we aim to provide emotional and psychological support throughout this challenging journey. Trust The Orlow Firm to be your advocate, fighting relentlessly for your rights and the justice you deserve.

Contact The Orlow Firm Today (646) 647-3398

When you or a loved one has been the victim of police misconduct in New York City, taking immediate action is crucial. The Orlow Firm stands ready to assist you with a team of highly specialized New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers. With years of experience and a deep understanding of the complexities involved in police misconduct cases, we are committed to holding those in power accountable for their actions. Our focus is on personalized, client-centric service, and we aim to guide you through the legal maze, providing both professional advice and emotional support.

Reaching out to us is the first step in safeguarding your rights and pursuing the justice you deserve. We offer a free initial consultation to discuss your case specifics, evaluate its merit, and outline the best course of action. Located conveniently in New York City, The Orlow Firm is easily accessible for in-person meetings. We also offer virtual consultations to meet your needs and circumstances. Remember, we operate on a contingency fee basis, which means you don’t pay us unless we secure compensation for you.

Trust us to advocate for your rights fervently and to aim for the maximum compensation you deserve. Let our team of New York City Police Misconduct Lawyers be the advocates you need in this challenging time. Contact The Orlow Firm today to take a decisive step toward justice.